Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access


Singh Wahengbam Jyotirmoy


This paper is extracted from a project that records the memories of men and women in Manipur, who witnessed the Nupi Lan (1939) and Second World War (1942 – 1945). The project is funded by University Grants Commission (UGC), New Delhi, India Title : The Oral History of  Manipur of the Early  20th Centuary

The Second World War reached India with the Japanese bombing of Imphal, the capital of Manipur on 10th May 1942. This changed the life of the denizens of Imphal and also that of the people living in the far flung region of Manipur. The people of Imphal immediately fled their home after the bombing. After some months, some of them returned to their home and start settling down. In their locality they saw many soldiers. Some even find the soldiers staying in their house. As the Japanese invasion of Manipur becomes a possibility day by day, more and more soldiers were sent into Imphal and other parts where the Japanese are likely to pass through. To enable the soldier to stay, in those strategic places and also for the safety of the local populaces they were once again left their homes. This time, they were asked by the government to vacate their house. Hence, this paper is name as the 2nd Displacement of the Inhabitants of Manipur.

Unlike the traditional sources, the primary sources for this paper are collected from Manipuri who are above 75 years and who witnessed the incidents related to the Second World War (by visually recording their statements). All interviews have been video recorded. The interviewees include persons from all walks of life – from the member of the royal family of Manipur (Maharaj Kumari Mangisana Devi, the then king’s sister – in – law) to the daughter – in – law of the Durbar member of Manipur to the common masses. As such, most of the sources in this paper are based on the records of the interview of those who experienced the Second World War.


Nupi Lan (1939); Second World War (1942 – 1945); Displacement of the inhabitants of Manipur during the world war - 2;

Full Text:



Mr Gimson, the Political Agent recalls that when the siren from 4 Assam Rifles sounded around 9.30 am on May 10th, he said to his assistant: 'I must remember to tell Hurell (CO 4 AR) to stop these silly signals.' An hour later the Siren wailed again. 'Damn!' exclaimed Gimson on his verandah. 'I forgot to tell Hurell.' These were almost famous last words). Lt Col(Retd) M Ranjit Singh

There were for the British in Imphal

No A-A guns airfield nor aircraft men

Jap reconnaissance planes came in April

Almost daily with loud and shrill

S. Gourahari Singh’s “Manipur and World War II,” Self, Imphal, 1983, 1374, p.81

S. Ibemhal.

W.Ibemhal Devi,

R.K.Tamphasana Devi

A second raid on May 16 did take place

One bomb demolished main gate of jail

And criminal slipped away in its trail

And indulged in many a bad dacoity case.

Manipur and World War II, 1384, p.82

Twenty five bombs fell in Residency garden

Manipur and World War II, 1385, p.82

Singh. L. Ibungohal and Singh N Khelchandra, Cheitharol Kumbaba, Imphal, 1989, p. 641.

The bomb set ablaze at Keishampat side

A number of houses at that noon-tide;

On the Nambul river near Keishampat bridge

Were killed a great many poor refugees

Manipur and World War II 1386, p.82

There was break-down of administration

The absent officials met with suspension:

With loyalty they were pardoned later

And they served Govt. In a matter better.

Manipur and World War II 1381, p.82

M.Borekeshore, Khongman Moirang Pandit leikai

R.K.Tamphasana, Tera Sapam Leirak

W. Amubi Singh, Moirang Leirak

S. Haladhara, Moirang Leirak

M.Sorojini, Thangjam leirak, Th. Bidhu Meino Leirak, Rk. Sanajaobi, Kwakeithel

Ch. Maipaksana, Kwakeithel hokchom Leikai

Nganmba Amrita Singh, Thangmeiband

W.Amubi, Sagolband Moirang Leirak

S. Ibemhal , Singjamei .

R.K. Tamphasana says that her family first fled to Patsoi and then to Leitong, West Imphal where her brother – in – law is cultivating a paddy field.

R.K.Tamphasana Devi

S. Ibemhal says that she and her family fled to Bashikhong, East Imphal.

S. Ibemhal

Ch. Merajao says that his family fled to Angom lawai, , East Imphal.

Chongtham Merajao, Thangmeiband

S. Ibemhal says that later on she and her family fled to Meijrao.

S. Ibemhal

R.K.Tamphasana, Tera Sapam Leirak

Singh. L. Ibungohal and Singh N. Khelchandra, Cheitharol Kumbaba, Imphal, 1989, p. 641;

MK Mangisana, Buddhacahndra’s sister – in – law and wife of Khedasana, Buddhachandra’s brother.

S Haladhara says that his family went to Langjing as his sister – in – law is from Langjing.

S Haladhara, Sagolband moirang Leirak.

R.K.Tamphasana says that the owner of the house is the husband of her husband aunty. R.K.Tamphasana

Ch. Maipaksana

W. Amubi Singh, Sagolband Moirang Leirak, grandson of W. Yumjao Singh.

S Haladhara; S. Ibemhal

R.K.Tamphasana Devi says that the house they took shelter belongs to one of her relatives who was a well to do ones. The shangoi (outhouse) of her relatives was so big that it accommodates around 100 persons.



Ch. Maipaksana

S. Ibemhal says that her family stay at the verandah of a stranger Basikhong.

Ch. Maipaksana

Nganmba Amrita Singh; S Haladhara; R.K.Tamphasana Devi

Nganmba Amrita Singh; Ch. Maipaksana says that her family cooked at the cowshed of a stranger in Bamon Lampu.she says that it was very filthy and we found it very difficult to eat food.

Ch. Maipaksana

M. Borekeshore, Khongman Moirang Pandit Leikai.

S. Ibemhal

M. Borekeshore

S. Ibemhal

W. Ibemhal Devi, Sagolband

Ch. Maipaksana

S. Haladhara

Ch. Maipaksana

W. Ibemhal Devi

S. Ibotombi, Yurembam

W. Ibemhal Devi

W. Ibemhal Devi

W. Ibemhal Devi


S. Ibemhal

S. Ibemhal

M. Borekeshore

R.K. Sanajaobi

S. Haladhara

Th. Biddhu, Sagolband Meino Leirak

M. Borekeshore

M. Amarjit , Kakching

L. Rabei, Luwangsangbam

M. Tombiyaima, Heirok

L. Rabei

Chakpram Madhumangol, Nongmeibung

Khomdram Amar, Nambol

L. Bidur, Lairikyengbam Leikai.


Copyright (c) 2014 Singh Wahengbam Jyotirmoy

License URL:


  2. Women Empowerment in Modern India (Issue: ISSUE - YEAR 2013)
  3. Black Community Voice Echoes on Eradicate of Identity in Toni Morrison’s Novel Home (Issue: Issue-March)
  4. How and Why to Analogize Socratic Questioning to Zen Buddhist Koan Practice (Issue: Issue - September)
  5. Application of e-government in developing countries—issues, challenges and prospects in India (Issue: SPECIAL ISSUE - SEPTEMBER- FUTURE OF E-GOVERNMENT:LEARNING FROM THE PAST)
  6. A critical analysis of Persian Poetry of Shah Turab Ali Qalandar (Issue: ISSUE - YEAR 2013)



Website last updated: August 26, 2017, at 11:00 AM


The contents of this journal are indexed within a globally distributed system of research databases. SOCRATES is data provider to several research databases. SOCRATES is under evaluation in Science Citation Index (SCI), ISI Web of Knowledge and Web of Science (Thomson Reuters). SOCRATES is under evaluation in SCOPUS. SOCRATES is under evolution for inclusion in "The Philosopher’s Index.

The base URL for SOCRATES Repository: OAI-PMH version is 2.0 is If you are an editor/admin/manager of a research database please feel free to include/harvest our content into your database. Please find more information about the Repository here.

Copyright © Publisher

No part of this website (excluding the on-line & print Versions of the journal that are licensed under the Creative common License ) may be reproduced, published, distributed, displayed, performed, copied or stored for public or private use in any information retrieval system, or transmitted in any form by any mechanical, photographic or electronic process, including electronically or digitally on the Internet or World Wide Web, or over any network, or local area network, without written permission of the publisher of the website.No part of this website may be modified or changed or exploited in any way used for derivative works, or offered for sale, or used to construct any kind of database or mirrored at any other location without the express permission of the publisher of the website.Thank you for respecting the intellectual property rights. Acknowledgement: Image of Socrates


Views expressed in articles/research papers /manuscripts are the personal opinion of the author/ contributor and are in no sense official, neither the journal SOCRATES nor any member of the journal is responsible. In case any Research paper/Article is found previously published anywhere else, the author/ contributor will be entirely responsible.There would be no responsibility of any member of the journal.

Focus and Scope | Section Policies | Peer Review Process | Publication Frequency | Subscriptions | Memberships | Socrates Author Self-Archiving Policy | Online Submissions | Privacy Statement | Journal Sponsorship | Advertise with us | Contact us | Author Index | Title Index | Attribution | Competing Interest | Benefits of Publishing with Socrates | GOOGLE PLAY HELP |