Towards an Enlightened Externalism : A Demystification of the Internalism Externalism debate.

Towards an Enlightened Externalism : A Demystification of the Internalism Externalism debate.

Akinpelu Ayokunnu Oyekunle

Abstract


The Paper argues for the synthesis of the Internalism and Externalism theory of justification. It is the opinion of the paper that since both internalist and externalists legitimately seeks the epistemic quest for certainty, both are important epistemologically. Moreso, since both Internalism and Externalism define issues that must be addressed in a theory of knowledge, they can and should be understood as compatible doctrines. Against all positions of non-compatibility, the paper holds that the compatibility of both internalism and externalism is logically strengthened. As a matter of fact both should not be view as “Contradictory” but as “Sub –contraries”. The Paper espouses the two differing thoughts and its stance on the idea of Epistemic justification. Engaging in an analytical x-ray of the externalism externalism debate with practical examples to score home points, the paper proposed a guide even in its crudeness, towards resolving the Internalism and Externalism debate; A hybrid of internalism and externalism. This, the paper termed: Enlightened Externalism. 


Keywords


Internalism; Externalism; Epistemology; Enlightened Externalism

References


Alston, W. (1989). Epistemic Justification. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. .

Audi, R. (1988). Belief, Justification, and Knowledge. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

Bergmann, M. (2006) Justification without Awareness: A Defense of Epistemic Externalism. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

Bloomfield, P. (2000) “Virtue Epistemology and the Epistemology of Virtue” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research. LX, 1.

Bonjour, L& Sosa, E. (2001). Epistemic Justification M.A: BlackWall.

Bonjour, L. (1985). The Structure of Empirical Knowledge. Cambridge: Harvard University Press,.

Chisholm, R. (1988) “The Indispensability of Internal Justification” Synthese;64, 207-217

Code, L. (1991). What Can She Know? Feminist Theory and the Construction of Knowledge. Itacha, NY: Cornell University Press

Geddes G, & David D (2003) English Thesaurus Synonyms Dictionary. Dale House, Scotland.

Foley, R. (1988) “Epistemic Justification”. Routledge Philosophy of Encyclopedia, Version 1.0 London and New York: Routledge.

Kim, K. (1993) “Internalism/ Externalism in Epistemology”. APQ 3. No.4. Pg 136

Lacewing, M. (2008) Internalist and Externalist Theories of Justification. New York: Routledge Taylor and Francis Group .

Lemos, N. (2007) An Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge. Cambridge: University Press.

Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary 7th Ed. (2005) New York: Clarendon.

Pollock, J. (1984). "Reliability and Justified Belief". Canadian Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 14

Sosa, E. (1991). Knowledge in Perspective. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Step, M. (1996). An Introduction to Contemporary Epistemology. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.


Refbacks





Copyright (c) 2015 Akinpelu Ayokunnu Oyekunle

License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Recommendations:

  1. Historical origins of the french school of economic warfare (Issue: Issue-December)
  2. Narrative as Soft Violence in Margaret Drabble’s The Pure Gold Baby (Issue: Issue-March)
  3. When Things Fall Apart: Looking through Said's and Spivak's Postcolonial Perspectives (Issue: Issue- September)
  4. Scottish and French Enlightenment J. Mackintosh and the revolution controversy in Great Britain (Issue: ISSUE - JUNE)
  5. A modern Socrates discourse in a local e-government setting (Issue: SPECIAL ISSUE - SEPTEMBER- FUTURE OF E-GOVERNMENT:LEARNING FROM THE PAST)
  6. Democracy, A Tale of Sustainability (Issue: Issue-June)


ONLINE SINCE NOVEMBER 16, 2013

Website last updated: April 16, 2017, at 06:00 PM
STATUS: LIVE AND SYNCHRONIZED
 
 

REGISTERED JOURNAL FOR INDEXING (METADATA HARVESTING)

 
INDEXING
 
The contents of this journal are indexed within a globally distributed system of research databases. SOCRATES is data provider to several research databases.

The base URL for SOCRATES Repository: OAI-PMH version is 2.0 is http://www.socratesjournal.com/index.php/socrates/oai If you are an editor/admin/manager of a research database please feel free to include/harvest our content into your database. Please find more information about the Repository here.


Copyright © Publisher

No part of this website (excluding the on-line & print Versions of the journal that are licensed under the Creative common License ) may be reproduced, published, distributed, displayed, performed, copied or stored for public or private use in any information retrieval system, or transmitted in any form by any mechanical, photographic or electronic process, including electronically or digitally on the Internet or World Wide Web, or over any network, or local area network, without written permission of the publisher of the website.No part of this website may be modified or changed or exploited in any way used for derivative works, or offered for sale, or used to construct any kind of database or mirrored at any other location without the express permission of the publisher of the website.Thank you for respecting the intellectual property rights. Acknowledgement: Image of Socrates http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Socrates.png

DISCLAIMER:

Views expressed in articles/research papers /manuscripts are the personal opinion of the author/ contributor and are in no sense official, neither the journal SOCRATES nor any member of the journal is responsible. In case any Research paper/Article is found previously published anywhere else, the author/ contributor will be entirely responsible.There would be no responsibility of any member of the journal.

Focus and Scope | Section Policies | Peer Review Process | Publication Frequency | Subscriptions | Memberships | Socrates Author Self-Archiving Policy | Online Submissions | Privacy Statement | Journal Sponsorship | Advertise with us | Contact us | Author Index | Title Index | Attribution | Competing Interest | Benefits of Publishing with Socrates | GOOGLE PLAY HELP |