Alternating the Paradigm of Oblivion? Oil and the 21st Century Scramble for Africa

Alternating the Paradigm of Oblivion? Oil and the 21st Century Scramble for Africa

Adesanya Olusegun Paul

Abstract


It is axiomatic that Africa is presently the epicenter of the 21st century scramble by extra-continental powers; which are being celebrated for, in one way or the other, assistingAfrica out of oblivion in global affairs, particularly after the Cold War. The major reason for this act being the extra-African desires for some bits of the mineral resources with which the continent is endowed and the continent’s market. This experience is already making the continent to feel extra-important in and/or to global politics, thus acting like a pigmy that thinks himself a giant. Without much ado, oil is at the front burner of the current scramble; and extant literature has claimed that the deepening presence and interests of extra-regional powers portend good omen for the continent. As such, there are claims that certain African units are witnessing about 7% GDP growth on annual basis.

Beyond this however, are certain nefarious happenings, which to a large extent, are the concomitants of or are deepened by the 21st century scramble forAfrica. In view of this, the study seeks to understand the prevailing groundswell of anomie before the current scramble; analyse the scramble so as to expose the hidden menu of desires, both of the major powers and their multinational companies; and to investigate the unfolding attendants that are entrenching Africa’s feet in the quagmire of crisis.


Keywords


Africa; Gulf of Guinea (GoG); Extra-African; Nigeria; Powers

Full Text:

 Subscribers Only

References


Hart, D. T. (2008). AFRICOM as a New US Security Framework for Africa. Paper presented at the workshop organized by the NIIA in collaboration with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Abuja (unpublished); and Daniel T. (2010). AFRICOM as a New US Security Framework for Africa. In O. C. Eze, C. Anigbo and C. Dokubo. Lagos: NIIA.

Kaberuka, D. (2013). This is Africa’s hour. Retrieved from http://www.afdb.org/en/blogs/afdb-president-this-is-africas-hour/about-us/

Southall, R. & Melber, H. (Eds.). (2009). A New Scramble for Africa? Imperialism, Investment and Development. Scottsvile, South Africa: University of KwaZulu-Natal Press.

Waltz, K. N. (1979). Theory of International Politics. Reading: Addison Wesley.

Kissinger, H. (1999). Years of Renewal. London: Simon & Schuster, Inc.

Magubane, B. M. (1999). The African Renaissance in Historical Perspective. In M. W. Makgoba (Ed.), African Renaissance: The New Struggle. Cape Town: Mafube Publishing.

Fukuyama, F. (1999). ‘Second Thoughts’. The National Interest, 56, p.16-33.

Kaplan, Morton A. (2005). System and Process in International Politics. Colchester, UK: ECPR Press.

Rourke, J. T. (2008). International Politics on the World Stage. New York: McGraw Hill.

Wallerstein, I. (2004). World-Systems Analysis: An Introduction. Durham, N. C.: Duke University Press.

Cardoso, F. H. and Faletto, E. (1979). Dependency and Development in Latin America. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Cox, R. W. (2002). Political Economy of a Plural World. London: Routledge

Thompson, W. R. (1983). Introduction: World System Analysis with and without the Hyphen. In Thompson, W. R. (ed.). Contending Approaches to World System Analysis. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage.

Potekhin, I. (1962). Problems of Economic Independence of African Countries. Moscow:

Bauer, P. T. (1972). Dissent on Development. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.

Klitgaard, R. (1991). Strategies for Reform. Journal of Democracy, 2(4).

United Nations Department of Technical Cooperation for Development, Corruption in Government. (1990). TCD/SEM. 90/2 INT-89-R56. New York.

See Africa Progress Panel. (2013). Equity in Extractives: Stewarding Africa’s natural resources for all. Africa Progress Report.

Omojola, B. (2013/2014, December/January). ‘Ruffled Feathers’. Africa Today, 26-27.

Gurr, T. (1969). Why Men Rebel. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Fawole, W. A. (1994). The Military and the Future of Democracy in Africa. In O. Omoruyi, D. Berg-Schlosser, A. Sambo & A. Okwuosa (Eds.), Democratisation in Africa: African Perspectives Benin City: Hima & Hima Ltd.

Clarke, D. (2007). Empires of Oil: Corporate Oil in Barbarian Worlds. London: Profile Books Ltd; also see Southall, R. (2009). Scrambling for Africa? Continuities and Discontinuities with Formal Imperialism. In Southall, R. & Melber, H., op. cit.

Kabukuru, W. (2012, May). Oil strikes off prospecting stampede. African Business, 66-68.

Southall, op. cit.

Morgan, M. J. (2012, February). Africa now Mecca for mining investment. African Business.

Africa Progress Panel, (2013). African citizens being robbed of their natural resources’, Kofi Annan says, accessed at www.africaprogresspane.org

Melber, H. (2009). Global Trade Regimes and Multi-Polarity: The US and Chinese Scramble for African Resources and Markets. In Southall & Melber. A New Scramble for Africa?

Wang, J. (2007). What Drives China’s Growing Role in Africa? Washington: International Monetary Fund.

Abrahamsen, R. (2004). A Breeding Ground for Terrorists? Africa & Britain’s War on Terrorism. Review of African Political Economy, 31(102), 677-684.

Versi, A. (2012, June). Africa’s progress under threat. Africa Business, 18-26.

Madueke, D. A. (2013, August). Nigeria laments rising insecurity in Gulf of Guinea. Premium Times. Accessed at www.premiumtimesng.com/business/143757-nigeria-laments-rising-insecurity-in-gulf-of-guinea.html on 8/4/2014; 5pm.

Liptak, K. (2014, April). 5 takeaways from Obama’s trip to Asia. CNN. Accessed at http://edition.cnn.com/2014/04/29/politics/obama-asia-trip/index.html?hpt=hp_c1 on 29/04/201; 7:46 am.

Brodkin, J. (2014, March). Chinese Tech Company Still Trying to Track Down NSA Infiltration. Accessed at www.arstechnica.com/tech-policy/2014/03/Huawei-on-nsa-if-foreign-spies-attacked-a-us-firm-thered-be-outrage/ on 19/04/2014; 8:59 pm; Jacobs, A. (2014, March). After Reports on N.S.A., China Urges End to Spying. NY Times. Accessed at mobile.nytimes.com/2014/03/25/world/asia/after-reports-on-nsa-china-urges-halt-to-cyberspying.html?referrer= on 19/04/2014; 9:08 pm.

McReynolds, J. (2014). Cyber Transparency for Thee, But Not For Me. China Brief, 14 (8). Accessed at www.jamestown.org/programs/chinabrief/single/?tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=42246 on 19/04/2014; 8:41 pm.

Awake! (2014, January).

Oyedele, D. (2014, January). Nigeria: EU - Anti-Gay Law Contradicts Fundamental Human Rights. ThisDay. Accessed at http://www.allafrica.com/stories/201401160317.html on 13 April, 2014; 8:38 pm.

OJEME, V. (2014, January). GAY LAW: We’re not imposing our culture on Nigeria, says EU. Vanguard. Accessed at http://www.vanguardngr.com/2014/01/gay-law-imposing-culture-nigeria-says-eu/#sthash.vLz5Tx16.dpuf on 13 April, 2014; 8: 27 pm

Campbell, C. J. (2005). Oil Crisis. England: Multi-Science Publishing Co. Ltd.

Deffeyes, K. S. (2001). Hubert’s Peak. USA: Princeton University Press.

Jackson, S. A. (2007). Energy Security and Global Markets. European Energy Forum.

Campbell, C. J. & Laherrere, J. H. (1998). The End of Cheap Oil. Scientific American.

US Department of Energy, (2013). US Ethanol Production and Renewable Fuel Standard RIN bank. US Energy Information Administration. Accessed at http://www.eia.gov/todayinenergy/detail.cfm?id=11551 on 28/04/2014; 2:45 pm.


Refbacks





Copyright (c) 2014 Adesanya Olusegun Paul

License URL: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

Recommendations:

  1. A Mathematical Model Designing to Achieve Cost Management in Value Chain with Combinational Approach of AHP & GP (Case Study: Home Appliance Industries) (Issue: Issue- March)
  2. Africa’s Science and Technology Strategy in the Thought of Kwame Nkrumah (Issue: Issue-March)
  3. From Political Transitions to Good Governance in Africa: Resolving the Socio-Economic Roots of Insecurity in the 21st Century. (Issue: Issue- December)
  4. Migration of Persian literati from Delhi to Awadh (Issue: Issue- December)
  5. Conceptual Framework of eService delivery system in Developing Countries with a high level of Instability (Issue: SPECIAL ISSUE - SEPTEMBER- FUTURE OF E-GOVERNMENT:LEARNING FROM THE PAST)
  6. Aiding Corruption through Governance Structures in sub-Saharan Africa: What Role for E-Government? (Issue: SPECIAL ISSUE - SEPTEMBER- FUTURE OF E-GOVERNMENT:LEARNING FROM THE PAST)


ONLINE SINCE NOVEMBER 16, 2013

Website last updated: April 16, 2017, at 06:00 PM
STATUS: LIVE AND SYNCHRONIZED
 
 

REGISTERED JOURNAL FOR INDEXING (METADATA HARVESTING)

 
INDEXING
 
The contents of this journal are indexed within a globally distributed system of research databases. SOCRATES is data provider to several research databases.

The base URL for SOCRATES Repository: OAI-PMH version is 2.0 is http://www.socratesjournal.com/index.php/socrates/oai If you are an editor/admin/manager of a research database please feel free to include/harvest our content into your database. Please find more information about the Repository here.


Copyright © Publisher

No part of this website (excluding the on-line & print Versions of the journal that are licensed under the Creative common License ) may be reproduced, published, distributed, displayed, performed, copied or stored for public or private use in any information retrieval system, or transmitted in any form by any mechanical, photographic or electronic process, including electronically or digitally on the Internet or World Wide Web, or over any network, or local area network, without written permission of the publisher of the website.No part of this website may be modified or changed or exploited in any way used for derivative works, or offered for sale, or used to construct any kind of database or mirrored at any other location without the express permission of the publisher of the website.Thank you for respecting the intellectual property rights. Acknowledgement: Image of Socrates http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Socrates.png

DISCLAIMER:

Views expressed in articles/research papers /manuscripts are the personal opinion of the author/ contributor and are in no sense official, neither the journal SOCRATES nor any member of the journal is responsible. In case any Research paper/Article is found previously published anywhere else, the author/ contributor will be entirely responsible.There would be no responsibility of any member of the journal.

Focus and Scope | Section Policies | Peer Review Process | Publication Frequency | Subscriptions | Memberships | Socrates Author Self-Archiving Policy | Online Submissions | Privacy Statement | Journal Sponsorship | Advertise with us | Contact us | Author Index | Title Index | Attribution | Competing Interest | Benefits of Publishing with Socrates | GOOGLE PLAY HELP |